Diabetes in children
14th November every year is World Diabetes Day, a globally-celebrated event to increase awareness of diabetes. This date is chosen because it marks the birthday of Frederick Banting who co-discovered insulin with Charles Best in 1922.
Insulin is a hormone, produced in the pancreas, which in diabetes is either not produced in enough quantities or the body isn’t able to use properly. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, and insulin helps this glucose in the blood get into the cells of the body where it is converted into energy. In diabetes, sugar levels in the blood build up and this can cause all sorts of problems.
The most common type of diabetes in children is ‘Type 1 diabetes’ and this needs to be treated with daily insulin injections and a carefully controlled diet in order to bring blood glucose levels within a healthy range. This type of diabetes cannot be cured and the exact cause remains a mystery. Thankfully, diabetes in children is a relatively uncommon disease, but the overall incidence of diabetes amongst children is rising. In recent years there has been the emergence of children suffering from another form of diabetes known as ‘Type 2 diabetes’, which is associated with increased levels of obesity and unhealthy diets. This form of the disease can usually be treated with lifestyle changes, including a healthier diet and more exercise.
Early warning symptoms of Type 1 diabetes include thirst, tiredness, weight loss, stomach aches and frequent urination. Diagnosis will be followed up with specialist care by specifically trained medical staff and a specialist dietitian. Diabetic children can eat exactly the same food as non-diabetics, but it is essential the diet is balanced and healthy, and particular care must be taken to balance the amounts of carbohydrate in the diet with the insulin injections the child receives. Exercise also plays an important role in all children with diabetes.
Of course, this isn’t the time or place to go into more details about the specific details of raising a child with diabetes, but if you’re interested in finding out more why not visit the following links:
Bye for now,
Tags: babies, healthy, Helen, Hipp Organic, nutrition, symptoms, insulin, diabetes, glucose, sugar, carbohydrates, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes
Categories: Baby development
Babies with food intolerance
Most of you will know a baby, even if it’s not your own, with an intolerance to one food or other. Of course, in my job I often get asked for feeding advice for babies with food intolerances, and the most common is dairy intolerance. Cow’s milk protein intolerance, another name for dairy intolerance, is relatively common in babies and children, but luckily most of them will grow out of it by the age of 3. Symptoms of milk intolerance can include
eczema, vomiting, diarrhoea, and stomach cramps, and to alleviate the symptoms dietary changes need to be introduced. Because milk is such an import
ant source of nutrients, especially calcium, for infants and young children, if you suspect your baby has a dairy intolerance it is important that you don’t cut milk and dairy products out of your baby’s diet without talking to your GP or a dietitian first.
If you are advised to start a milk-free diet, carry on breastfeeding or give an appropriate formula and, if you’ve started weaning, give milk-free foods. Although it is quite obvious that some foods contain milk and should be avoided, e.g. cheese, yogurt, fromage frais, others are less so, such as manufactured foods. Always read food labels carefully and if in any doubt why not give the manufacturer a call, or look on their website?
To make sure your baby is getting enough calcium, a calcium supplement might be a good idea but check this with your dietitian/GP first.
Have you got any good milk-free weaning recipes you would like to share? Please get in touch.
Until next time...Helen
Tags: Hipp Organic, baby, born, weaning, intolerance, food, nutrition, symptoms, milk, eczema, Helen
Categories: Milk feeding, Weaning