HiPP's A-Z of pregnancy & child health

The A-Z contains information on many aspects of pregnancy 
and child health. It is arranged alphabetically so you can find what you are looking for with ease. If you are at all concerned about your health or your child’s health, please consult your health professional.


If pre-eclampsia is not controlled, it may develop into eclampsia, a potentially-fatal condition for mother and baby. This can happen at any stage during pregnancy, but is more common during the last 3 months and the first 48 hours after birth. Fortunately, incidences of eclampsia are extremely rare.

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Eczema is an inflammation of the skin, which causes redness and itching. There is no single medicine that will cure this condition but it is possible to keep it under control. There are several different types of eczema - some forms are known as dermatitis. Eczema may be caused by allergies to certain foods, reaction to irritants such as detergent, fabric softener etc, or may run in families. ?Atopic? eczema is common in babies and often clears up on its own as the child gets older. Treatment for mild cases include emollients (used in the bath and/or applied as cream to the skin) to help keep the skin soft. For more information visit the National Eczema Society

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Expressed Breast Milk

Breast milk should be expressed in to a sterilised bottle, which you can then cap and keep in the fridge. Fresh breastmilk can be kept at room temperature for up to 6 hours, in a refrigerator (at 2 - 4°C) for up to 5 days or up to 2 weeks if stored in the freezer compartment of a fridge. Breastmilk can also be frozen for 6 months. Freeze it as soon as possible after expressing (there are specially designed breast milk freezer bags). Previously frozen breast milk that has been defrosted in the fridge should be used within 12 hours. If it has been defrosted at room temperature (i.e. not in the fridge) it should be used immediately. Any milk remaining after a feed should be discarded.

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Earache/Ear Infections

Earache is common in childhood and can be caused by inflammation in the middle ear or by a sore throat, by teething or from toothache (see also deafness/hearing problems). Ear infections (otitis media) in children can result from the common cold may cause earache, fever, flu-like symptoms, vomiting, lethargy and slight deafness. Most cases will clear up within 3 days without any treatment. Babies with ear infections will be hot and irritable. Babies and young children are also susceptible to pain in the ears during takeoff or landing in an aeroplane; it helps if you offer a young baby a feed or drink during these times and give older children something to chew.

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