HiPP's A-Z of pregnancy & child health

The A-Z contains information on many aspects of pregnancy 
and child health. It is arranged alphabetically so you can find what you are looking for with ease. If you are at all concerned about your health or your child’s health, please consult your health professional.

Gastro-oesophageal Reflux (Acid Reflux)

A mild form of this may occur during pregnancy, causing heartburn. This is because, during pregnancy, the valve at the top of your stomach relaxes and may allow some of the stomach contents to leak back into the oesophagus. If you suffer from heartburn at night, try sleeping propped up on extra pillows.

Visit the Infant and Adult Gastric Reflux Support Group for more information:

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Gastro-oesophageal Reflux In Babies

Regurgitation of the stomach contents is common in babies. It happens because the muscular ring at the lower end of the oesophagus is not yet fully developed and can allow the contents of the stomach to flow back up again.

Some babies are more prone to this than others - and a little feed can go a long way and be very alarming! If your baby is thriving and gaining weight well, however, and is not distressed or crying during or after feeds, you may just need to be prepared with muslin cloths at feed times. However if you are still concerned, seek advice from your GP. There are medications that your GP can prescribe that will help to ease this reflux.

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German Measles/Rubella

This is a viral infection that is serious only for women in the first 16 weeks of pregnancy who have no immunity to it - exposure in this case can cause severe problems for the developing baby, and may damage the baby's sight, hearing, heart and brain. Fortunately, most women have immunity following routine vaccination as a child. Rubella infection itself also gives immunity.

If you are planning a pregnancy, and are not sure whether you have been vaccinated against rubella, consult your doctor. If you come into contact with rubella, are pregnant, and are unsure whether you have immunity, see your doctor immediately.

SENSE (National Deaf-Blind and Rubella Association) can provide more information, support and advice:

The following website can provide useful information on immunisations and your child:

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This is the time during which a baby develops in the womb. A pregnancy is calculated as 40 weeks, starting with the first day of the last period.

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Gestational Diabetes

This type of diabetes occurs only during pregnancy and almost always gets better after the baby has been born. It happens because during pregnancy the pancreas needs to produce extra insulin - and some women do not produce enough. Gestational diabetes is often detected (usually in the second half of pregnancy) through the routine blood and urine tests taken during antenatal checkups.

Visit Diabetes UK for more information on diabetes in pregnancy:

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Gluten is a type of protein found in wheat and other cereals. The Department of Health recommends that products containing gluten are not given to babies under 6 months and are not used as a first weaning food in families where there is a history of gluten allergy/coeliac disease.

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Group B Streptococcus (GBS)

Group B Streptococcus is one of the many bacteria that normally live in our bodies and usually causes no harm. It is estimated that around 1 in 4 pregnant women in the UK carry GBS in their vagina and rectum. Many babies therefore come in to contact with GBS during labour and birth. Most babies will not be affected by this, but a very small number can become seriously ill in their first week of life. GBS infections can cause meningitis, septicaemia (blood poisoning) or pneumonia. Where a pregnancy is considered to have an increased risk (e.g. if you have previously had a baby with a GBS infection, if you go in to labour before 37 weeks or your waters have broken for more than 18 hours), you may be offered the option of antibiotic treatment during labour. For more information on GBS click here.

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Guthrie Test

See Heel Prick Test

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