HiPP's A-Z of pregnancy & child health

The A-Z contains information on many aspects of pregnancy 
and child health. It is arranged alphabetically so you can find what you are looking for with ease. If you are at all concerned about your health or your child’s health, please consult your health professional.

Nappy Rash

Some babies are more prone to nappy rash than others and it can also appear, or seem to get worse, when a baby is teething. Change baby's nappy frequently, wash the area gently with water, pat dry and use a suitable protective/barrier cream. If the rash persists or is severe, consult the health visitor, doctor or pharmacist - there are specific creams and ointments that can be used. Nappy rash may also be caused by a thrush infection - if this is the case you will need a prescription for a special anti-fungal cream.

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Nausea During Pregnancy

Often referred as morning sickness, nausea in pregnancy can be very distressing and debilitating. The good news is that it does generally gradually wear off and then stop around the 16th to 20th week. It often helps to eat little and often. Wrist acupressure bands may help, and also ginger tablets or syrup. Find more ideas on foods/snacks that can help with morning sickness.

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A common name for the umbilicus - or belly button!

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Newborn Bloodspot/Heel Prick Test

A small amount of blood is taken from baby?s heel in this blood test which is carried out routinely on babies around 5-8 days. It tests for the rare inherited disorder phenylketonuria (PKU) and congenital hypothyroidism (CHT). The midwife pricks the baby's heel and collects some drops of blood on to a card. In many areas the test will also check for sickle cell disorders (SCD) and cystic fibrosis (CF) and Medium Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency (MCADD). For further information, see

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NHS Direct

This is a very helpful government organisation - ring them at any time when you have any health queries (it's very comforting to know you can do this, particularly when you have young babies/children) - 0845 46 47.

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Headlice or nits are extremely common, especially among young school children. Headlice and their eggs (nits) do not result from poor hygiene - they prefer clean hair and scalps! Ask your pharmacist for advice and treat the whole family. Notify the school too.

Always seek medical advice before using insecticide lotions on young babies (under 6 months), pregnant women or people with asthma and allergies. Do not use insecticide lotions or rinses 'just in case'. They should only be used if live lice are found.

Headlice are growing increasingly resistant to the insecticides used to remove them and you may prefer to try 'wet combing', a chemical-free, method of combating the problem:

  • After washing the hair, apply liberal amounts of conditioner and comb through
  • Using a special fine-toothed nit comb (available from chemists) systematically comb through every strand of hair right from the roots to the ends
  • Check the comb for lice after each stroke. This is likely to take around half an hour, so allow enough time
  • Rinse the hair as normal. Repeat this procedure every three days for at least two weeks

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Don't be worried if your child is prone to nosebleeds, they are quite common in young children - and a little blood goes a long way, so it often looks worse than it is! You can usually stop a nosebleed by leaning forward and pressing both sides of the nose together (the soft part towards the end) for 10-15 minutes (avoid blowing the nose for some time afterwards). Repeat if necessary.

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Nosebleeds In Pregnancy

Nosebleeds can be common in pregnancy - increased blood supply puts pressure on the nose's delicate veins and they may rupture more easily, bringing about minor nosebleeds. Try to blow your nose gently and if possible avoid violent sneezing. To help stop the bleeding follow the advice above.

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Nuchal Translucency Scan (NT)

This is a special ultrasound scan carried out around 11-13 weeks of pregnancy. The amount of fluid lying under the skin at the back of the baby's neck is measured. A computer programme uses this measurement, plus the size of the baby and the mother's age to calculate the risk of Down's Syndrome for that baby.

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Nursery Temperature

The ideal bedroom temperature for a baby is between 16-20°C (18°C is just right). Room thermometers can be obtained cheaply from a number of retailers.

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